The offences of corruption and bribery against Government Employees were initially covered only under the provisions of Ranbir Penal Code, 1989 Bikrami (1932 A.D). Up to 1949 A.D. cases in this behalf were registered and investigated by Local Police
2. After the enactment of J&K Prevention of Corruption Act, 2006 Bikrami (1949 AD), a separate wing called “Anti-Corruption Wing” was formed in the State Crime Branch for conducting the investigation of cases covered under Prevention of Corruption Act. However, in 1962 a separate organization, called “Anti-Corruption Organization” was created to investigate all cases relating to bribery and corruption.
3. With the passage of time, various Acts were enacted to deal effectively with the menace of corruption. Most important among those enactments were, Prevention of Corruption Laws (amendment) Act, 1983 A.D. by virtue of which the “Anti-Corruption Organization” was renamed as “State Vigilance Organization”, and J&K Public Men and Public Servants Declaration of Assets and Other Provisions Act, 1983 A.D. By virtue of this Act, the elected representatives of various public bodies, MLAs and Ministers were brought under the purview of Corruption Laws and filing of Annual Property Returns was made mandatory for all public servants and public men. The failure to file Annual Property Return was made an offence under P.C. Act, 2006 Bikrami (1949 A.D.).
4. To streamline the investigations, two Police Stations were set up, one at Jammu and another at Srinagar vide SRO 229 of 1976 dated 23.4.1976. These Police Stations take cognizance of offences under P.C.Act, 2006 Bikrami (1949 A.D.).
5. In Oct, 2018, the Vigilance Organization was rechristened as Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB) by virtue of SRO 486 of 2018. With the establishment of new Police Stations, the ACB is now having 6 Police Stations, 3 each in Jammu and Kashmir divisions. Two more new Police Stations i.e, SSP Central and Police Station ACB Udhampur will also be made operational in coming days.
6. To make the ACB easily approachable, the presence of ACB was made on social media. Whatsapp helpline, toll-free number was also introduced so that common men can also approach ACB for redressal of their grievances. The Officers of ACB are being trained in the CBI Academy so that they can learn the latest techniques in investigation. Regular workshops for capacity building are being conducted so as to acquaint investigators on the use of modern technology in investigation and also with the procedure and guidelines for investigation into various type of cases.
7. The motto of ACB is ensure transparency in governance, prevent and investigate corruption cases and uphold citizen rights.
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